Spondylolisthesis is a medical state in which a bone (vertebra) in the lowest part of the spine slips out of the usual or the proper position onto the bone beneath it. The most common cause for the disease in adults is due to degenerative disease such as arthritis and the slip usually occurs between the fourth and the fifth lumbar vertebrae. Children usually have this between the fifth bone in the lower back (lumbar vertebra) and the first bone in the sacrum (pelvis) area and mainly occur due to a birth defect in that area of the spine or sudden injury (acute trauma).
The condition may vary from mild to severe and in some cases there may be no symptoms. Mostly the condition produces increased lordosis (also called swayback), but larger stages may result in kyphosis (round back) as the upper spine falls off the lower spine.
It may also include:
- Lower back pain
- Muscle tightness (tight hamstring muscle)
- Pain in thighs and buttocks
- Tenderness in the area of slip disk
- Increase of pain during activity
- Feeling difficulty while trying to stand and sit
The displacement is treated using special manipulations, first the muscles are relaxed and the spine is corrected using bandages, then the muscles supporting the spine should be strengthened, special external treatments are needed for this.
Internal Medicinal Treatment
The patients are prescribed specially prepared ayurvedic medicines for muscle spasm and bone strengthening, along with correcting the cellular digestive process.
Pancha Karma Procedures
- Sneha Vasthi
- Kashaya Vasthi
Also include special external oil treatment modalities and bandages, tractions along with lepanas.
- Massage – Abhayangam
- Katee Vasthi